Humble beginnings to life changing discoveries

By Grace Leo, Alexander Murphy & Ania Lucewicz | Volume 3, Issue 1 2012

Welcome to Volume 3, Issue 1 of the Australian Medical Student Journal. As always, we hope this issue offers excellent food for thought for budding doctors and researchers. From our deputy editor, Hasib Ahmadzai, comes an editorial reflecting on the role of medical students in medical discoveries in the past. It goes to show that […]  Read More →

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Ranking the league tables

By Saion Chatterjee | Volume 3, Issue 1 2012

University league tables are becoming something of an obsession. Their appeal is testament to the ‘at a glance’ approach used to convey a university’s standing, either nationally or internationally. League tables attract public attention and shape the behaviour of universities and policy makers. Their demand is a product of the increasing globalisation of higher education, […]  Read More →

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The clinician-scientist: Uniquely poised to integrate science and medicine

By Kiryu Yap | Volume 3, Issue 1 2012

Introduction Growing in the world of academic medicine is a new generation of doctors known as “clinician-scientists”. Trained in both science and medicine, with post-graduate research qualifications in addition to their medical degree, they serve as an essential bridge between the laboratory and clinic. The development of sophisticated experimental approaches has created opportunities to investigate […]  Read More →

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Metformin and PCOS: Potential benefit to reduce miscarriage risk

By Daniel Chan & Gavin Sacks | Volume 3, Issue 1 2012

I am writing in response to the review article by Wong (AMSJ Volume 2, Issue 2). [1] Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is associated with an increased risk of miscarriage, occurring in 30% of pregnancies. [2] Although the mechanism is unclear, several interrelated factors appear to increase the risk of spontaneous miscarriages, including higher luteinising hormone […]  Read More →

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The cardiac surgeon, a dying breed?

By Saissan Rajendran | Volume 3, Issue 1 2012

The innovation of the cardiopulmonary bypass machine in 1951 had now allowed surgeons the ability to operate on the heart without any time constraints. It was not soon after that Russian Cardiac Surgeon, Dr. Vasilii Kolesov, had performed the first successful coronary artery bypass surgery. His success and the innovation of the heart valve prostheses […]  Read More →

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Recognition and response to the clinically deteriorating patient

By Glenn Parham | Volume 3, Issue 1 2012

Background: Early recognition of clinical deterioration has been associated with a lower level of intervention and reduced adverse events. A widely-used approach in Australia is the Medical Emergency Team (MET) system. Research suggests having a multi-faceted approach to patient monitoring such as Modified Early Warning Score (MEWS) improves early review. Aim: To assess MET call […]  Read More →

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Immunisation and informed decision-making amongst Islamic primary school parents and staff

By Matthew Bray & Daniel Keating | Volume 3, Issue 1 2012

Background: The Islamic community represents a recognisable and growing minority group in the broader Australian context. Some sectors of the international Muslim community have voiced concerns about the ritual cleanliness of vaccines, and seen subsequent lower levels of compliance. Anecdotal evidence suggests Australian Muslims may hold similar concerns. Aim: This study aims to evaluate the […]  Read More →

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Vitamin D deficiency in the elderly: How can we improve rates of screening and supplementation in General Practice?

By Timra Bowerman, Susan Thomas, Judy Mullan & Marion Reeves | Volume 3, Issue 1 2012

Aim: Vitamin D supplementation reduces falls and fractures in the elderly, yet screening and supplementation rates are generally inadequate. We therefore investigated whether rates of screening and supplementation could be improved through a brief, general practitioner (GP)-focussed, educational intervention. Methods: Clinical audits of vitamin D screening and supplementation in elderly patients attending a rural general... 

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Australia’s experience of Bordetella pertussis and a proposed national preventive strategy into the future

By Joseph Choi | Volume 3, Issue 1 2012

Elimination of Bordetella pertussis, an exclusively human pathogen, has proven to be elusive in Australia despite universal vaccination. Australia has witnessed a resurgence of pertussus particularly in infants less than 6 months old, and adults over 20 years old. This resurgence has resulted in high notification rates, morbidity and mortality in the two age groups. […]  Read More →

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The influence of vitamin D on cardiovascular disease

By Rachel Lakemond | Volume 3, Issue 1 2012

Background: Vitamin D is essential for many biological functions in the body. Populations that are deficient in vitamin D have increased cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Current research is controversial, and the evidence base is still developing. This review looks at the interaction between vitamin D levels and cardiovascular disease, including the major cardiovascular risk factors […]  Read More →

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