Diagnostic modelling in General Practice – John Murtagh

By John Murtagh | Volume 2, Issue 1 2011

Introduction All facets of the great profession of medicine are fascinating and that is basically the reason why I pursued a career in General Practice. It provides the opportunity to diagnose and manage diseases from A-Z (acne to zoonoses). Practising in a rural community, with the luxury of managing the local hospital, was the ideal […]  Read More →

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How to enjoy your patients – Murray Longmore

By Murray Longmore | Volume 2, Issue 1 2011

We all want to be remembered for something – a major contribution to science, or a political triumph bringing peace to a beleaguered world, or perhaps you would like to be honoured with an eponymous syndrome? Or, more modestly, as one committed housewife said, “I would like simply to be remembered for making good gravy.” […]  Read More →

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The Exercise Paradox – Dennis Kuchar

By Dennis Kuchar | Volume 2, Issue 1 2011

In 2009, a woman pleaded guilty to reckless homicide and faces up to five years in prison for exercising her husband to death in a swimming pool. He suffered a ‘heart attack.’ [1] We cannot know, however, whether this was an ischaemic event or an arrhythmia. Exercise is promoted and encouraged in society; it is […]  Read More →

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Prostate cancer: Past, present and future Australian initiatives for improving men’s health

By Daryl Cheng, Flora Poon & Anthony Dat | Volume 2, Issue 1 2011

Abstract Prostate cancer is the most common internal cancer in Australian men. Whilst recent trends demonstrate stabilising incidence and decreasing mortality rates, it remains a major health burden for Australian men and requires continued action. This report outlines the status of prostate cancer in Australia’s health care system, both past and present, and analyses the […]  Read More →

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On the nature of the alcohol-based hand rub and its use for hand hygiene in medicine and healthcare

By Adrian Lee | Volume 2, Issue 1 2011

Abstract Hand hygiene (HH) is today recognised as being the most important factor in preventing the spread of infections; however, adequate compliance with this remains unacceptably low amongst healthcare workers (HCWs). One of the leading products in the push for successful HH is the alcohol-based hand rub (ABHR), which currently exists as a ubiquitous item […]  Read More →

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Stethoscopes as vectors of infections

By Nathania Burrie | Volume 2, Issue 1 2011

Aim: To conduct a review of the literature to evaluate whether stethoscopes constitute a clinically significant vector of healthcareassociated infection, and to explore the behaviour, attitudes and beliefs about stethoscope hygiene amongst medical students. Methods: Section one: PubMed was searched for empirical studies written in English, published before 1 May 2010, dealing with colonisation rates […]  Read More →

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Preventing vertical hepatitis B transmission across all borders: A review of current concepts

By Gemma Daley | Volume 2, Issue 1 2011

Aim: The aim of this review is to emphasise the global significance of Hepatitis B (HBV) and its vertical transmission, and to summarise the current status of preventative strategies. Methods: A literature review was carried out. PubMed, The Cochrane Collaboration and Medline were searched for both primary studies and reviews pertaining to vertical HBV transmission, […]  Read More →

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Causes of death in neonatal intensive care units

By Yvonne Feng | Volume 2, Issue 1 2011

Introduction Of the approximately 130 million babies born each year, an estimated four million babies die in the neonatal period. Globally, the main causes of death are estimated to be preterm birth (28%), severe infections (26%) and asphyxia (23%). [1] New South Wales (NSW) is the most populous state in Australia with approximately 86,000 births […]  Read More →

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The effect of Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy on Purkinje cell number in the mdx mouse

By Benjamin Sim & Caroline Rae | Volume 2, Issue 1 2011

Background: Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) is an X-linked recessive disease which causes skeletal muscle wasting in males, resulting in premature death during their early to mid 20s. Males with DMD carry defects in the gene encoding for dystrophin, a protein important in ensuring sarcolemmal stability. Dystrophin has also been implicated in disruption to Purkinje cells […]  Read More →

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Enforcing medical treatment under the Involuntary Treatment Order: An ethical dilemma?

By Seth Delpachitra | Volume 2, Issue 1 2011

Introduction: This case report aims to address the ethical issues and obligations of enforcing medical care onto psychiatric patients under the Queensland Mental Health Act 2000 Involuntary Treatment Order (ITO), and will also present Queensland’s legal standpoint and limitations on providing this care under the Act. Case Presentation: PF, a 47 year old male with […]  Read More →

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