The Emperor of All Maladies: Cancer 101

By Michelle Ong | Volume 5, Issue 1 2015

As medical students, we are experts in rare syndromes and exotic illnesses. However cancer, the second most common cause of death in the developed world, is still a total mystery. How do we explain to patients what so many of us don’t understand? Where do we begin? Dr. Siddhartha Mukherjee is an Indian-born American oncologist, […]  Read More →

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Cutaneous manifestations of neonatal bacterial infection

By Dr. Jazlyn Read | Volume 5, Issue 1 2015

Introduction Skin forms a dynamic interface with the external environment and is a complex organisation of cell types and associated structures that performs many essential functions. Although the stratum corneum of full-term neonates is analogous to that of adult skin, structural and compositional differences of the skin renders the newborn more susceptible to bacterial colonisation. […]  Read More →

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The history of modern general anaesthesia

By Richard Seglenieks | Volume 5, Issue 1 2015

Safe and effective anaesthesia is among the greatest advances in medical history. Modern surgery and the considerable benefits it brings would be impossible without the significant academic, pharmacological, and practical advances in anaesthesia over the past 200 years. At the forefront of these are the major developments in general anaesthesia and airway management. This article […]  Read More →

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Penicillin allergies: facts, fiction and development of a protocol

By Dr. John Floridis & Dr. Alison Ward | Volume 5, Issue 1 2015

Penicillins, a member of the beta-lactam family, are the most commonly prescribed antibiotic class in Australia. Beta-lactam agents are used in a sexual health setting for the management of syphilis, uncomplicated gonococcal infections and pelvic inflammatory disease. Patients frequently report allergies to penicillin, which can be protective but also counterproductive if it does not represent […]  Read More →

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Exercising patient-centred care: A review of structured physical activity, depression and medical student engagement

By Daniel Lowden | Volume 5, Issue 1 2015

Structured physical activity has a wide range of benefits that include improving mood and preventing chronic disease. Recently, there has been an explosion of research aimed at treating diseases such as depression using nothing more than exercise. This article presents an overview of research conducted into the use of exercise to treat depression. As a […]  Read More →

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Skin cancer awareness in the Northern Rivers: the gender divide

By Dr Caydee Pollock | Volume 5, Issue 1 2015

Background: Australia has the highest incidence of skin cancer in the world. Despite decades of public health campaigns, these figures are rising, particularly within the male population. Aim: This study aimed to establish whether a gender divide exists in relation to skin cancer awareness, prevention and early detection in a rural area of Australia where […]  Read More →

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In vivo anatomical and functional identification of V5/MT using high-resolution MRI: a technique for relating structure and function in the human cerebral cortex

By Dr. Stephanie Barnes, Prof. Gary Egan & Prof. John Watson | Volume 5, Issue 1 2015

Previous in vivo neuroimaging studies have clearly demonstrated the functional specialisation of the human cerebral cortex. However, precise anatomical localisation of functionally defined cortical areas is an ongoing challenge due to the poor spatial resolution of functional imaging techniques and significant inter-individual differences in the complex morphological structure of the human cortex. The present study […]  Read More →

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Test-retest reliability of isometric hip muscle strength measured using handheld dynamometry: a pilot study

By Thomas P Denton, Mark A Jones & Dr. Steven W Saunders | Volume 5, Issue 1 2015

Introduction: Hip muscle weakness has been shown to be associated with lower limb pain and (re)injury. A reliable means of assessing hip muscle strength is required to assist sports physicians, orthopaedic surgeons, and physiotherapists in assessing injury risk and applying preventative measures such as appropriately prescribed and monitored exercise intervention. This study aimed to determine […]  Read More →

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Comparison study of two methods of identifying the adrenal glands on Computed Tomography (CT)

By Timothy Yong Qun Leow & James Boon Kheng Khoo | Volume 5, Issue 1 2015

Background: The adrenal glands (AG) are common sites for metastases in cancer patients. Identification of the AG on computed tomography (CT) is complicated by surrounding anatomical structures of similar radiological density, and may be difficult for non-radiologists. Aim: This study compared the accuracy of two landmarks commonly used to identify the AG on CT. Methods: […]  Read More →

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Medication-induced acute angle-closure glaucoma: a case study

By Allister Howie | Volume 5, Issue 1 2015

Acute angle-closure glaucoma, is an uncommon condition. It is an emergency associated with the potential for significant vision loss and unilateral blindness if not diagnosed and treated promptly. This case describes a classic presentation of angle-closure glaucoma, highlighting the potential of certain medications to precipitate acute angle-closure glaucoma in at-risk individuals. Although the incidence is […]  Read More →

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