Cutaneous manifestations of neonatal bacterial infection

By Dr. Jazlyn Read | Volume 5, Issue 1 2015

Introduction Skin forms a dynamic interface with the external environment and is a complex organisation of cell types and associated structures that performs many essential functions. Although the stratum corneum of full-term neonates is analogous to that of adult skin, structural and compositional differences of the skin renders the newborn more susceptible to bacterial colonisation. […]  Read More →

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The history of modern general anaesthesia

By Richard Seglenieks | Volume 5, Issue 1 2015

Safe and effective anaesthesia is among the greatest advances in medical history. Modern surgery and the considerable benefits it brings would be impossible without the significant academic, pharmacological, and practical advances in anaesthesia over the past 200 years. At the forefront of these are the major developments in general anaesthesia and airway management. This article […]  Read More →

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Penicillin allergies: facts, fiction and development of a protocol

By Dr. John Floridis & Dr. Alison Ward | Volume 5, Issue 1 2015

Penicillins, a member of the beta-lactam family, are the most commonly prescribed antibiotic class in Australia. Beta-lactam agents are used in a sexual health setting for the management of syphilis, uncomplicated gonococcal infections and pelvic inflammatory disease. Patients frequently report allergies to penicillin, which can be protective but also counterproductive if it does not represent […]  Read More →

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Exercising patient-centred care: A review of structured physical activity, depression and medical student engagement

By Daniel Lowden | Volume 5, Issue 1 2015

Structured physical activity has a wide range of benefits that include improving mood and preventing chronic disease. Recently, there has been an explosion of research aimed at treating diseases such as depression using nothing more than exercise. This article presents an overview of research conducted into the use of exercise to treat depression. As a […]  Read More →

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Approaching autism

By Randal Moldrich & Catherine Marraffa | Volume 4, Issue 2 2014

Autism Spectrum Disorder is a social communication disorder in someone displaying repetitive and restrictive interests. Diagnosed in early childhood, children struggle to develop social relationships required for further learning and independent living. This article discusses changes to the diagnosis, how the diagnosis is made, the prevalence, causes and interventions. Importantly, this review guides medical students... 

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The B Positive Program as a model to reduce hepatitis B health disparities in high-risk communities in Australia

By Gloria Fong | Volume 4, Issue 2 2014

As the epicentre for the highest incidence of liver cancer diagnosis in New South Wales, southwest Sydney is simultaneously home to a large number of first generation migrants from Southeast Asia. Alarmingly, these individuals are six to twelve times more likely to be diagnosed with liver cancer than Australian born individuals. This article aims to […]  Read More →

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Oral Health – An important target for public policy?

By Luke Mclean | Volume 4, Issue 2 2014

Introduction A healthy mouth is something we take for granted. We use our mouths to speak, to eat and to socialise without pain or significant embarrassment. Yet when oral disorders develop the impacts can extend well beyond the domains of speech, chewing, and swallowing to sleep, productivity, self-esteem and consequently quality of life. Despite the […]  Read More →

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See no evil, hear no evil, speak no evil: Tanzania’s struggles with the HIV epidemic

By Michael Weightman | Volume 4, Issue 2 2014

Nestled on the south-eastern slopes of Mt Kilimanjaro in Northern Tanzania, the sprawling village of Machame emerges from the surrounding rainforest. This village is home to the Machame Hospital, where I was fortunate enough to undertake a month-long elective before commencing my final year of medical school. This elective was a challenging, yet enriching experience, […]  Read More →

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Reproductive Healthcare in Latin America: Perspectives from a Guatemalan Elective

By Catherine McHugh | Volume 4, Issue 2 2014

If medicine is to fulfill her great task, then she must enter the political and social life. —Rudolf Virchow, founder of modern pathology An overseas elective is a time to experience medicine in another setting, and it is as much about the setting as it is about the medicine. While gunshot wounds in Johannesburg, and […]  Read More →

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Probiotics: A New Recommendation with Proton Pump Inhibitors?

By Colby Oitment | Volume 4, Issue 2 2014

Introduction Clostridium difficile-Associated Diarrhoea (CDAD) is becoming a worldwide epidemic with significant patient morbidity and mortality, as well as increasing the costs to health care systems. Although CDAD is generally associated with antibiotic use, there are multiple studies demonstrating that proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) may also be linked with CDAD. This is particularly worrisome for […]  Read More →

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