Factors that influence Australian medical graduates to become General Practitioners

By Karan Singh | Volume 4, Issue 2 2014

Aim: To determine the factors that influence Australian medical graduates to become general practitioners. Method: A literature review was conducted. Medline, PubMed and Cochrane Library were searched using the terms; “Australia”, “medical”, “graduates”, “interns”, “students”, “choice”, “specialty”, “general”, “practice”, “factors” and “influencing”. Results: The factors were... 

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Sugammadex – the solution to our relaxant problems?

By Henry Badgery | Volume 4, Issue 2 2014

Sugammadex is the first of a class of selective relaxant binding agents. It acts by binding with high affinity to steroidal non-depolarising neuromuscular blockade drugs terminating neuromuscular blockade (NMB) through 1:1 encapsulation. Reversal of NMB has traditionally been performed by acetylcholinesterase inhibitors however these drugs have their drawbacks and are therefore not ideal.  This review [...]  Read More →

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Examining the pathological nature of Hepatitis C and current drug therapies used in an Australian general practice context

By Dimitra Aslanidis | Volume 4, Issue 2 2014

Aim: This review aims to examine the pathological nature of Hepatitis C and review current drug therapies relevant to Australian health practitioners. Methods: Terms hepatitis C, Australia, pathogenesis and current treatment were searched using MEDLINE and CHINAL databases to identify research articles and systematic reviews. Constraints were used when researching drug developments to include only [...]  Read More →

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Is plasmapheresis the optimal treatment option for acute pancreatitis secondary to hypertriglyceridemia? A systematic review

By Mohammad Rehmanjan | Volume 4, Issue 2 2014

Background: Hypertriglyceridemia is an uncommon cause of acute pancreatitis, which is a life-threatening illness. Conventional management involves fasting, lipid-lowering medication, insulin and heparin. Plasmapheresis is an approach which is used occasionally to achieve rapid lowering of triglyceride levels in patients where conventional management is unsuccessful. It is currently unclear whether plasmapheresis improves... 

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A systematic review evaluating non-invasive techniques to diagnose genetic disorders in a human fetus and the ethical implications of their use

By Matthew Irwin | Volume 4, Issue 2 2014

Introduction: Genetic disorders are a significant cause of neonatal morbidity and mortality. [1] Diagnosing a genetic disorder currently involves invasive tissue sampling which carries an increased risk of miscarriage. The discovery of cell-free fetal DNA (cffDNA) in maternal plasma has enabled the development of non-invasive prenantal diagnostic tests (NIPD). [2,3] The scientific and ethical implications [...]  Read More →

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The role of viruses in carcinogenesis

By Virginia Boon, Jill Carr & Sonja Klebe | Volume 4, Issue 2 2014

It is accepted that populations in the so-called developed world have gone through an ‘epidemiological transition’ where chronic disease has replaced infection as the primary cause of death. However, there is mounting evidence that infections play a key role in certain chronic diseases such as cancer. Cancers of infectious origin provide the perfect opportunity for [...]  Read More →

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Oncolytic Virotherapy: The avant-garde approach to oncological treatment via infectious agents

By Kok-Ho Ho | Volume 4, Issue 2 2014

Over the past twenty years, advances in translational medicine have resulted in new and exciting treatments in the area of oncology. New modalities have arisen out of the need to address existing limitations in conventional treatments such as chemotherapy and radiotherapy. What started out as an outrageous idea in the 20th century to use potentially [...]  Read More →

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Paediatric regional anaesthesia: comparing caudal anaesthesia and ilioinguinal block for paediatric inguinal herniotomy

By Robert A Paul | Volume 4, Issue 1 2013

Caudal anaesthesia and ilioinguinal block are effective, safe anaesthetic techniques for paediatric inguinal herniotomy. This review article aims to educate medical students about these techniques by examining their safety and efficacy in paediatric surgery, as well as discussing the relevant anatomy and pharmacology. The roles of general anaesthesia in combination with regional anaesthesia, and that of awake regional... 

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The benefits associated with male HPV vaccination in Australia

By Marcel Boulat & Aishwarya Hatwal | Volume 4, Issue 1 2013

Background: Human papillomavirus (HPV) is a family of highly contagious sexually transmitted viruses which are associated with the development of genital warts and certain HPV related cancers in males and females. After conducting a cost-effective analysis, the Australian Government has decided to expand the school based female only HPV vaccination program to include males commencing in [...]  Read More →

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Treatment of persistent diabetic macular oedema – intravitreal bevacizumab versus laser photocoagulation: A critical appraisal of BOLT Study for an evidence based medicine clinical practice guideline

By Pavani Kurra | Volume 3, Issue 2 2012

Laser photocoagulation has remained the standard of treatment for diabetic macular oedema (DME) for the past three decades. However, it has been shown to be unbeneficial in chronic diffuse DME. Intravitreal bevacizumab (ivB) has been proposed as an alternate and effective treatment of DME. This review evaluates the evidence behind comparing bevacizumab to laser photocoagulation [...]  Read More →

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ISSN (Print): 1837-171X
ISSN (Online): 1837-1728
ABN: 51967802511