Adequacy of anticoagulation according to CHADS2 criteria in patients with atrial fibrillation in general practice – a retrospective cohort study

By Dr. Skye Macleod | Volume 6, Issue 1 2015

Background: Atrial fibrillation (AF) is a common arrhythmia associated with an increased risk of stroke.  Strategies to reduce stroke incidence involve identification of at-risk patients using scoring systems such as the CHADS2  score (Congestive Heart Failure, Hypertension, Age ≥75 years, Diabetes or Stroke) to guide pharmacological prophylaxis. Aim: The aim of this research project was […]  Read More →

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General practitioner awareness of pharmacogenomic testing and drug metabolism activity status amongst the Black-African population in the Greater Western Sydney region

By Yashutosh Joshi, Abhishek Karavadra, Maiyoori Jeyaprakash | Volume 6, Issue 1 2015

Background:  Individuals  of  black-African  background  have  a high variability in drug metabolising enzyme polymorphisms. Consequently, unless these patients are tested for these polymorphisms, it becomes difficult to predict which patients may have a sub-therapeutic response to medications (such as anti- depressants) or experience an adverse drug reaction. Given the increasing population of black-Africans in... 

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Health literacy and patient comprehension in the pre-anaesthetics consultation

By Dr. Michael J.M. Russell, Dr. Judy Mullan, Dr. Timothy Billington | Volume 6, Issue 1 2015

Background: The concept of health literacy and patient comprehension is important, especially in the area of patient consent for surgical procedures. This extends to the pre- admissions anaesthetic consultation where poor patient health literacy can have an impact on the patient’s comprehension of risks. Objectives: This exploratory study aims to investigate the level of health […]  Read More →

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How do the specialty choices and rural intentions of medical students from Bond University (a full-fee paying, undergraduate-level medical program) compare with other (Commonwealth Supported Places) Australian medical students?

By Edward Teo, Kathleen Lockhart, Jennifer Pushparajah, David Waynforth, Janie Smith | Volume 6, Issue 1 2015

Introduction: Australian medical schools are demonstrating an increased interest in full-fee paying education, which warrants assessment of possible ramifications on the profile of the Australian medical workforce. This study aims to identify differences in demographics, specialty preferences and rural intentions between domestic full-fee paying undergraduate medical students and all other (CSP) Australian medical... 

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English-speaking background and its relationship with length of stay in elderly patients admitted to a subacute setting: a retrospective study

By Ankit Gupta, Kerith Sharkey, Stephanie A. Ward, Barbara S. Workman | Volume 6, Issue 1 2015

Introduction: Despite the resource implications of extended inpatient stays, the impact of a non-English speaking background (NESB) on length of stay (LOS) has not been studied in the subacute geriatric population. We investigated the relationship between language background and LOS in elderly subacute inpatients. Method: A retrospective file audit of subacute inpatients (aged≥75) was conducted. […]  Read More →

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Skin cancer awareness in the Northern Rivers: the gender divide

By Dr Caydee Pollock | Volume 5, Issue 1 2015

Background: Australia has the highest incidence of skin cancer in the world. Despite decades of public health campaigns, these figures are rising, particularly within the male population. Aim: This study aimed to establish whether a gender divide exists in relation to skin cancer awareness, prevention and early detection in a rural area of Australia where […]  Read More →

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In vivo anatomical and functional identification of V5/MT using high-resolution MRI: a technique for relating structure and function in the human cerebral cortex

By Dr. Stephanie Barnes, Prof. Gary Egan & Prof. John Watson | Volume 5, Issue 1 2015

Previous in vivo neuroimaging studies have clearly demonstrated the functional specialisation of the human cerebral cortex. However, precise anatomical localisation of functionally defined cortical areas is an ongoing challenge due to the poor spatial resolution of functional imaging techniques and significant inter-individual differences in the complex morphological structure of the human cortex. The present study […]  Read More →

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Test-retest reliability of isometric hip muscle strength measured using handheld dynamometry: a pilot study

By Thomas P Denton, Mark A Jones & Dr. Steven W Saunders | Volume 5, Issue 1 2015

Introduction: Hip muscle weakness has been shown to be associated with lower limb pain and (re)injury. A reliable means of assessing hip muscle strength is required to assist sports physicians, orthopaedic surgeons, and physiotherapists in assessing injury risk and applying preventative measures such as appropriately prescribed and monitored exercise intervention. This study aimed to determine […]  Read More →

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Comparison study of two methods of identifying the adrenal glands on Computed Tomography (CT)

By Timothy Yong Qun Leow & James Boon Kheng Khoo | Volume 5, Issue 1 2015

Background: The adrenal glands (AG) are common sites for metastases in cancer patients. Identification of the AG on computed tomography (CT) is complicated by surrounding anatomical structures of similar radiological density, and may be difficult for non-radiologists. Aim: This study compared the accuracy of two landmarks commonly used to identify the AG on CT. Methods: […]  Read More →

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Social phobia in children – risk and resilience factors

By Sara de Menezes & Alasdair Vance | Volume 4, Issue 2 2014

Introduction: Anxiety disorders account for one third of psychiatric complaints that young people present to their general practitioners with. Social phobia (SP) is one of the most prevalent of these disorders, in children and adolescents. Methods: Sixty nine patients with carefully defined SP and a control group of 129 typically developing (TD) children were recruited […]  Read More →

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