Skin cancer awareness in the Northern Rivers: the gender divide

By Dr Caydee Pollock | Volume 5, Issue 1 2015

Background: Australia has the highest incidence of skin cancer in the world. Despite decades of public health campaigns, these figures are rising, particularly within the male population. Aim: This study aimed to establish whether a gender divide exists in relation to skin cancer awareness, prevention and early detection in a rural area of Australia where […]  Read More →

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In vivo anatomical and functional identification of V5/MT using high-resolution MRI: a technique for relating structure and function in the human cerebral cortex

By Dr. Stephanie Barnes, Prof. Gary Egan & Prof. John Watson | Volume 5, Issue 1 2015

Previous in vivo neuroimaging studies have clearly demonstrated the functional specialisation of the human cerebral cortex. However, precise anatomical localisation of functionally defined cortical areas is an ongoing challenge due to the poor spatial resolution of functional imaging techniques and significant inter-individual differences in the complex morphological structure of the human cortex. The present study […]  Read More →

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Test-retest reliability of isometric hip muscle strength measured using handheld dynamometry: a pilot study

By Thomas P Denton, Mark A Jones & Dr. Steven W Saunders | Volume 5, Issue 1 2015

Introduction: Hip muscle weakness has been shown to be associated with lower limb pain and (re)injury. A reliable means of assessing hip muscle strength is required to assist sports physicians, orthopaedic surgeons, and physiotherapists in assessing injury risk and applying preventative measures such as appropriately prescribed and monitored exercise intervention. This study aimed to determine […]  Read More →

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Comparison study of two methods of identifying the adrenal glands on Computed Tomography (CT)

By Timothy Yong Qun Leow & James Boon Kheng Khoo | Volume 5, Issue 1 2015

Background: The adrenal glands (AG) are common sites for metastases in cancer patients. Identification of the AG on computed tomography (CT) is complicated by surrounding anatomical structures of similar radiological density, and may be difficult for non-radiologists. Aim: This study compared the accuracy of two landmarks commonly used to identify the AG on CT. Methods: […]  Read More →

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Social phobia in children – risk and resilience factors

By Sara de Menezes & Alasdair Vance | Volume 4, Issue 2 2014

Introduction: Anxiety disorders account for one third of psychiatric complaints that young people present to their general practitioners with. Social phobia (SP) is one of the most prevalent of these disorders, in children and adolescents. Methods: Sixty nine patients with carefully defined SP and a control group of 129 typically developing (TD) children were recruited […]  Read More →

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Melioidosis in the Torres Strait Islands: an 11 year audit 2001-2012

By Kathrin Rac & Michael McLaughlin | Volume 4, Issue 2 2014

Melioidosis is an infection of concern to global health. It is caused by the intracellular gram-negative bacterium Burkholderia pseudomallei, which is found in the soil and fresh waters of endemic regions. This study identified the average annual incidence of melioidosis in the Torres Strait region between 2001-2012, and compared this to one other similar study, […]  Read More →

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Predicting falls in the elderly: do dual-task tests offer any added value? A systematic review

By Mina Sarofim | Volume 3, Issue 2 2012

The issue of falls is a significant health concern in geriatric medicine and a major contributor to morbidity and mortality in those over 65 years of age. Gait and balance problems are responsible for up to a quarter of falls in the elderly. It is unclear whether dual- task assessments, which have become increasingly popular […]  Read More →

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Immunisation and informed decision-making amongst Islamic primary school parents and staff

By Matthew Bray & Daniel Keating | Volume 3, Issue 1 2012

Background: The Islamic community represents a recognisable and growing minority group in the broader Australian context. Some sectors of the international Muslim community have voiced concerns about the ritual cleanliness of vaccines, and seen subsequent lower levels of compliance. Anecdotal evidence suggests Australian Muslims may hold similar concerns. Aim: This study aims to evaluate the […]  Read More →

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Recognition and response to the clinically deteriorating patient

By Glenn Parham | Volume 3, Issue 1 2012

Background: Early recognition of clinical deterioration has been associated with a lower level of intervention and reduced adverse events. A widely-used approach in Australia is the Medical Emergency Team (MET) system. Research suggests having a multi-faceted approach to patient monitoring such as Modified Early Warning Score (MEWS) improves early review. Aim: To assess MET call […]  Read More →

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Emergency Department management and referral of self-harm patients

By Riza Gultekin | Volume 2, Issue 2 2011

Aim: To outline the socio-demographic characteristics, the means of arrival, management and referral pathways for mental health presentations to the Emergency Department (ED) where the main reason for presentation is self-harm. Methods: A retrospective study conducted in a metropolitan hospital in Sydney. Sampled data were collected from mental health presentations to the ED for the […]  Read More →

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