Ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome

Sneha Kaushal

Tuesday, March 29th, 2011

Dr. Sneha Kaushal
MBBS, James Cook University (2010)
Intern, Townsville Hospital, QLD

Sneha’s medical interests lie with general adult and paediatric medicine. In her spare time, Sneha enjoys sight-seeing and travelling.

This case report describes a lady who presented with abdominal pain, hypotension and multiple ovarian follicles following egg collection and embryo transfer. She was provisionally diagnosed with Ovarian Hyperstimulation Syndrome (OHSS) and managed accordingly. This case study describes her clinical presentation, investigations, progress, management and outcome. No current laboratory diagnostic/prognostic markers are available for OHSS; the condition is currently diagnosed clinically. The subsequent discussion elaborates on the epidemiology, pathophysiology, clinical features, assessment, management and risk factors of OHSS, and aims to increase awareness of this important complication of infertility treatment to assist diagnosis, prevention and early institution of treatment.